Humboldt River - Elko
The Humboldt River is the longest river in the continental United States that begins and ends within the boundaries of one state. It was historically a cutthroat trout water that produced, especially in the upper areas, excellent fishing in the 1840’s. However, the portion of the Humboldt occurring in Humboldt County was never considered “good” for trout fishing. Many early accounts describe the Humboldt River as muddy with a distinct lack of fish. Poor water quality, resulting from high temperatures, in the lower river keeps coldwater fish species (trout) confined to the headwaters of the river near Elko. Additionally, poor watershed practice and aggressive irrigation practices have eliminated trout from the mid and lower Humboldt River. Stocking of warmwater species such as catfish, bluegill, white bass, and crappie began in the late 1940’s. Healthy populations now provide angling opportunities during the summer and fall of most years.