Coyote

Coyotes are about the size of a medium-sized dog but they often appear larger because of their long legs. They have long, coarse fur that is often buff in color and a bushy tail tipped in black. Their size and coloration can vary depending on where they live.
SCIENTIFIC NAME
Canis latrans
CLASSIFICATION
Mammal
LIFE SPAN
5-7 Years
SIZE
30-40 ” | 15-46 lbs
STATE CONSERVATION STATUS
  • Unprotected
FEDERAL CONSERVATION STATUS
Least Concern
GAME STATUS
Non-Game
GAME TYPE
None
  1. Washoe
  2. Humboldt
  3. Pershing
  4. Churchill
  5. Mineral
  6. Lyon
  7. Douglas
  8. Carson City
  9. Storey
  1. Elko
  2. Lander
  3. Eureka
  4. White Pine
  1. Esmeralda
  2. Nye
  3. Lincoln
  4. Clark

Habitat & Range

Coyotes are found in about any type of habitat where they can find food and a place to hide. They seem to show some preference for brush covered rolling hills and flats. Coyotes have perhaps the most varied habitat of any animal in Nevada and they thrive in both wild areas and urban settings.

  • Cold desert shrubland and sagebrush
  • Developed Landscapes
  • Upland Forests

Threats

  • Habitat Fragmentation

Natural History

Coyotes are opportunistic omnivores, meaning they will eat just about anything. However, a large portion of their diet is made up of other animals like cottontail rabbits, ground squirrels. and mice. While they prefer eating fresh meat, they will eat carrion (deceased animals) as well. They will also eat grass, fruits, seeds, and insects. Some Coyotes live in packs, whereas others are solitary and live on their own. In Coyote packs, there is an alpha male and an alpha female. Only the alphas reproduce in the pack, all other Coyotes in the pack help to defend their territory. Coyotes have one litter of pups per year and breeding usually occurs from January to March. Coyotes typically have six pups per litter, though this number can vary.

Fun Facts

Coyotes can be found in almost all major cities. Coyotes have been called "song dogs" because of their many vocalizations they use to communicate with one another.