Eurasian Collared-Dove

The Eurasian Collared-Dove is a plump, light-colored member of the Columbidae (pigeon and dove) family and gets its name from the black collar that wraps around back half of its neck. They have dark wingtips and white patches on their squared off tail, unlike the pointed tail of the mourning dove. Young birds are brown or have brown spots and lack the neck band. Eurasian Collared-Doves are a non-native species.
SCIENTIFIC NAME
Streptopelia decaocto
CLASSIFICATION
Bird
LIFE SPAN
1-3 Years
SIZE
11.4-11.8 ” | 0.31-0.39 lbs
STATE CONSERVATION STATUS
  • Unprotected
FEDERAL CONSERVATION STATUS
Least Concern
GAME STATUS
Game
GAME TYPE
Upland Game
  1. Washoe
  2. Humboldt
  3. Pershing
  4. Churchill
  5. Mineral
  6. Lyon
  7. Douglas
  8. Carson City
  9. Storey
  1. Elko
  2. Lander
  3. Eureka
  4. White Pine
  1. Esmeralda
  2. Nye
  3. Lincoln
  4. Clark

Habitat & Range

Eurasian Collared-Doves can be found in open and semi-open habitats, including urban and suburban neighborhoods, grasslands, agricultural fields, woodland edges, and roadsides. In cooler months, flocks may roost together in large trees.

  • Agricultural Lands
  • Developed Landscapes
  • Grasslands

Threats

  • Disease

Natural History

Eurasian Collared-doves are not migratory, but their young are strongly dispersive, aiding in the expansion of their range. They typically breed close to developed areas where seed and grain are easily available, and trees are present for nesting. In warmer regions, breeding occurs throughout the year, with a monogamous pair laying up to six broods a year. Males will advertise potential nest sites to females by giving a low-pitched koo-KOO-kook call at each site. Their call is faster-paced, shorter, and more incessant than that of the Mourning dove.

Fun Facts

Eurasian Collared-Doves have specialized beaks that allow them to suck up water as if they were drinking through a straw. Most birds scoop water into their bills and tip their head back to let the water run down their throat.