Peregrine Falcon

Peregrine Falcons have blue-gray heads and backs with brownish white underparts covered by black bars. Their feet, cere, and eyering are yellow. Females are browner, while the juveniles have a paler coloration. These raptors have hooked beaks and strong talons
SCIENTIFIC NAME
Falco peregrinus
CLASSIFICATION
Bird
LIFE SPAN
13-20 Years
SIZE
14-19 ” | 1-3.5 lbs
STATE CONSERVATION STATUS
  • Priority Species
FEDERAL CONSERVATION STATUS
Least Concern
GAME STATUS
Non-Game
GAME TYPE
None
  1. Washoe
  2. Humboldt
  3. Pershing
  4. Churchill
  5. Mineral
  6. Lyon
  7. Douglas
  8. Carson City
  9. Storey
  1. Elko
  2. Lander
  3. Eureka
  4. White Pine
  1. Esmeralda
  2. Nye
  3. Lincoln
  4. Clark

Habitat & Range

Peregrine Falcons prefer open habitats but have adapted to human environments by perching and nesting on skyscrapers, water towers, and other tall structures. They prefer to nest on coastlines, lakesides, and mudflats where a source of water is nearby.

  • Cliffs and Canyons
  • Developed Landscapes
  • Marsh

Threats

  • Disease
  • Habitat Degradation
  • Habitat Loss

Natural History

Peregrine Falcons can be found all over the world. In Nevada, Peregrine Falcons migrate through the state, using open habitat to hunt along the way. On the western border of Nevada, Peregrine Falcons may be seen more commonly year round. As habitat transforms due to climate change, more Peregrine falcons may arrive in Nevada year-round. It is nearly impossible to outrun a predator like the Peregrine Falcon. Flying at speeds over 200 miles per hour, this falcon is a deadly hunter. They are considered to be the fastest animal on the planet. The diet of Peregrine Falcons is vast, consuming mostly other birds. Bird species they eat range from large ducks or shorebirds to small elusive swifts and hummingbirds. They can see prey from over two miles away, and are able to hunt by diving and striking prey out of the air. Peregrine Falcons are also known to steal food from other birds, making avian predators unsafe from the chaos of the Peregrine Falcon. Though fast, it may be killed by other larger birds such as eagles or owls, and sometimes even other Peregrine Falcons. They mate for life and are territorial during the breeding season. The nests are usually established over a cliff ledge, where the female lays an average of three or four eggs. In places without cliffs, they have been observed occupying nests abandoned by other large birds, such as ravens or Osprey.

Fun Facts

Falconers train Peregrine Falcons to hunt other birds.