Black Bear

Black Bears are the only species of bear that live in Nevada. Though their name implies that they are black, this species can be a variety of colors throughout their range. Black Bears that live in the western United States are more often blonde, brown, or cinnamon in color. These bears have small eyes, rounded ears, and a long snout which helps them smell food items many miles away.
SCIENTIFIC NAME
Ursus americanus
CLASSIFICATION
Mammal
LIFE SPAN
3-30 Years
SIZE
47-79 ” | 85-900 lbs
STATE CONSERVATION STATUS
  • State Protected
FEDERAL CONSERVATION STATUS
Least Concern
GAME STATUS
Game
GAME TYPE
Big Game
  1. Washoe
  2. Humboldt
  3. Pershing
  4. Churchill
  5. Mineral
  6. Lyon
  7. Douglas
  8. Carson City
  9. Storey
  1. Elko
  2. Lander
  3. Eureka
  4. White Pine
  1. Esmeralda
  2. Nye
  3. Lincoln
  4. Clark

Habitat & Range

Black Bears are found in the mountainous areas and foothills of the Sierra Nevada and Lake Tahoe areas. Rivers and streams provide a source of food, while forested areas offer cover.

  • Upland Forests

Threats

  • Human Conflict

Natural History

Black Bears are solitary animals, meeting only for the breeding season. Female Black Bears can have 1 to 5 cubs at a time and can reproduce every other year so long as there is enough food during the fall to support pregnancy. Black Bears are omnivores, though 85% of their diet is plant-based. During the fall, Black Bears go through a period called hyperphagia. During this time, their appetites go into hyper drive. They can consume 8,000 to 20,000 calories each day in order to put on enough fat to hibernate. If a winter is particularly mild or there is enough food in their territory, Black Bears do not have to hibernate. They can also wake during hibernation and move about their den or give birth.

Fun Facts

Black Bears are not always black! They can be dark brown or sometimes even cinnamon in color, but they are still 'Black Bears!' They are also intellegent problem solvers and can even climb trees to snag a meal.