The Smith’s Black-headed Snake is a small and secretive snake with a brown or beige body and a dark brown or black head. There is a light collar between the body and the dark cap.
STATE CONSERVATION STATUS
FEDERAL CONSERVATION STATUS
Habitat & Range
The Smith’s Black-headed Snake habitat includes pinyon-juniper woodland, chaparral-woodland, riparian woodland, sagebrush-greasewood, and mesquite-creosote bush.
Pinyon juniper forests
Warm desert riparian
The Smith’s Black-headed Snake eats the larvae of beetles, caterpillars, centipedes, and millipedes. They are a very secretive species and not much is known about their behavior. Smith’s black-headed snakes are nocturnal and are active throughout the year.
They spend most of their lives underground or under surface objects like rocks and logs. The females lay eggs.
Although technically venomous, this snake's modified saliva is not considered a threat to humans