White-winged Dove

White-winged Doves are grayish-brown. Slightly larger than mourning doves, with a square tail sporting a broad white band across the tip. Other distinguishing features are the black streak on each cheek, blue featherless skin around their red eyes and noticeable white wing patches.
SCIENTIFIC NAME
Zenaida asiatica
CLASSIFICATION
Bird
LIFE SPAN
10-15 Years
SIZE
11-12 ” | 0.28-0.41 lbs
STATE CONSERVATION STATUS
  • State Protected
FEDERAL CONSERVATION STATUS
Least Concern
GAME STATUS
Game
GAME TYPE
Upland Game
  1. Washoe
  2. Humboldt
  3. Pershing
  4. Churchill
  5. Mineral
  6. Lyon
  7. Douglas
  8. Carson City
  9. Storey
  1. Elko
  2. Lander
  3. Eureka
  4. White Pine
  1. Esmeralda
  2. Nye
  3. Lincoln
  4. Clark

Habitat & Range

White-Winged Doves favor woodlands or desert habitat in the southern U.S., but can also be found in agricultural fields and residential areas throughout their range.

  • Agricultural Lands
  • Developed Landscapes
  • Upland Forests

Threats

  • Disease
  • Habitat Loss

Natural History

White-winged Doves eat a variety of grain, seeds, and fruit that vary depending on their seasonal availability. Unlike Mourning Doves, they commonly feed above ground level on cactus fruits, berries, and raised birdfeeders. White-winged Doves arrive in their northern breeding grounds in late April, where the female selects a nest site within the male’s territory. They will lay one to two clutches per season before their return south in September.

Fun Facts

To obtain the calcium levels necessary for eggshell and crop milk production, White-winged Doves will supplement their seed-based diet with snail shells and bone fragments from raptor pellets or mammal feces.